Urban planning systems in local government contexts deal with high-value projects and are subject to public scrutiny. They are often overly complex, based on incoherent regulatory framework and not sufficiently transparent.
Integrity risks are inherent in functions this complex, in addition to the multiplicity of actors involved and diversity of political and economic interests represented. The lack of transparency generates corrupt incentives.
In this setting, there is a growing public perception about high corruption levels, which may seriously undermine trust in local government. Integrity abusive acts may seriously affect reputation and the ethical climate, cause direct financial losses, and result in wasted resources.
Therefore, improving the transparency, accountability and openness in the local government urban development planning system would do much to restore confidence in the governance of urban planning.