Conflicts of interest have a particular relevance in the municipality context, because of the proximity of the local governments to the local community, making family and network ties a typical characteristic of the operational environment.
In reality, the conflicts of interest matters are not really simple to address, and often reveal complex and controversial dilemmas. Conflicts of interest can also happen anywhere and anytime without anyone being liable for it.
However, if people in public positions are not able to avoid or to resolve situations in which private interests can affect their public duties, it is vital for local governments to be able to effectively identify and resolve those situations in order to ensure transparency and integrity. For example, parallel employment is a specific case with high integrity risks as it may adversely affect the performance of duties of officials or give rise to conflicts of interest. Another example of conflicts of interest can be a situation where a public official who is responsible for licensing certain commercial activities is at the same time a family member or close relative of an applicant.
Conflicts of interest cases can vary depending on the country and local community context.